I have been asked what time I get the forecasts for a location in my historical weather forecast system. The obvious problem being that if I read all the forecasts at nearly the same time, different cities could be in different days due to differing timezones.
The answer is, I read the forecasts at roughly midday in each of the locations. That is, every hour I read the forecasts for the locations where it is roughly midday. This is done by approximating the various timezones using the location’s longitude. This isn’t exact – it doesn’t account for daylight savings or places like China, which is all one timezone despite being wide enough to be split into many. Generally it is accurate to within a couple of hours – fine for the purpose. The code is below.